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Vitrum - a vitamin complex, which includes those vitamins and minerals that can optimally provide the body with all the necessary substances.Vitrum contains Vitamin A (retinol acetate), beta carotene, vitamin E (dl-alfa tocopherol acetate), vitamin K1 (phytonadione), vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), vitamin B1 (thiamine mono nitrate), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride), vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), folic acid, nicotinamide, pantothenic acid (calcium pantothenate), vitamin C (ascorbic acid), biotin, calcium (calcium hydrophosphate), phosphorus, potassium (potassium chloride), magnesium ( magnesium oxide), chlorides (potassium chloride) copper (copper oxide), zinc (zinc oxide), iron (iron f manganese (manganese sulfate), molybdenum (sodium molybdate), iodine (potassium iodide), selenium (sodium selenate), tin (tin chloride), chromium (chromium chloride), nickel (nickel sulfate), silicon (silicon dioxide colloidal ), vanadium (sodium metavanadate).Vitrum vitamins also contain additional substances: microcrystalline cellulose, triacetin, stearic acid, magnesium stearate, croscarmellose sodium, hypromellose (hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose), dyes.
Multivitamins Vitrum are available in the form of tablets, which are covered with a film membrane. They can have a shade of whitish-peach to a pronounced peach. Multivitamins may have a specific odor. Tablets are capsular, on the one hand - engraving VITRUM" on the other - separating risk.They are sold in polyethylene bottles of 30, 60, 100, 120, 130 pcs packed in a cardboard box.
The action of the medicinal product determines the properties of those substances that make up its composition. One tablet contains a balanced daily dose of vitamins and microelements for an adult.Multivitamins increase the resistance of the body to the effects of infections, normalize its functions, promote recovery after diseases.Vitamin A contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes, improves the bodys resistance to harmful effects, normalizes the functions of the organs of vision. Beta-carotene is transformed in the human body, resulting in the formation of vitamin A.Vitamin E takes part in metabolic processes, oxygen saturation of tissues, metabolic processes. It is an active antioxidant, which reduces lipid peroxidation and prevents cell damage.Vitamin D3 increases the intensity of absorption in the intestine of calcium, as well as the reabsorption of phosphorus in the renal tubules. It normalizes the formation of teeth and bones in children contributes to the preservation of bone tissue in adults.Vitamin K1 takes an active part in metabolic processes in bone and connective tissue, in the synthesis of proteins. It also contributes to the proper functioning of the kidneys. Also, under the influence of vitamin K1 in the body, calcium is more actively absorbed.Vitamin C promotes regeneration processes. It participates in oxidation-reduction processes, promotes the regulation of the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids. Under the influence of vitamin C, the processes of blood coagulation, restoration of connective and bone tissues, synthesis of collagen, hemoglobin are activated. Vitamin C improves the bodys resistance level.Vitamin B1 normalizes the functions of a number of body systems - digestive, cardiac, nervous, and also improves endocrine glands. Vitamin B2 takes a direct part in the growth processes, contributes to the maintenance of visual function, improves the condition of the autonomic nervous system and the central nervous system. In addition, B2 promotes the maintenance of normal intestinal microflora, activates the separation of bile and the secretion of the stomach.Vitamin B6 normalizes the functions of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Vitamin B12 has a high bioactivity, participates in the metabolic processes of the body. It promotes active tissue regeneration, hematopoiesis, improves liver function,Folic acid normalizes the production of normoblasts and promotes the process of maturation of megablasts. Takes part in the synthesis of amino acids, nucleic acids, purines, pyrimidines.Pantothenic acid promotes the production of corticosteroids. Takes part in metabolic processes, synthesis of corticosteroids, acetylcholine. It stimulates the recovery processes.Biotin is a component of enzymes that take part in protein and lipid metabolic processes.Calcium ions contribute to normal myocardial contraction, blood coagulation, formation and preservation of bone tissue integrity.Phosphorus is a part of enzymes, nucleotides, nucleic acids, phosphoproteins, coenzymes, phospholipids.Magnesium promotes the regulation of metabolic processes, leads to a norm of neurochemical transmission and muscle excitability. Potassium determines the regulation of osmotic pressure, the transfer of amino acids. He takes part in the synthesis of protein, the reduction of skeletal muscles.Chlorine takes part in the regulation of water-salt metabolism and the formation of constant osmotic pressure. The microelement maintains the pH of the cell, regulates the volume of the liquid.Iron is one of the most important constituents of hemoglobin, the element actively promotes hemopoiesis, takes part in oxidation-reduction reactions. In the same reactions, copper is actively involved, which also provides protection from free radicals.Zinc is involved in the metabolism of proteins and lipids, in the synthesis of DNA, insulin, has the properties of an antioxidant, and therefore participates in many physiological processes.Manganese activates many enzymes important for the body.Iodine enters the hormones of the thyroid gland, which regulate the metabolic processes of the function of the brain, heart, blood vessels.Molybdenum is a component of enzymes and coenzymes involved in a number of important body reactions.Selenium supports a number of enzymes and is an antioxidant.Chromium takes part in the metabolism of glucose, activates the effect of insulin.Tin increases the activity of flavin enzymes, activates growth processes.Nickel takes part in fat metabolism, in combination with other microelements, provides cells with oxygen, promotes hemopoiesis.Silicon is involved in the synthesis of collagen and glycosaminoglycans, it ensures the mineralization of bone tissue.Vanadium stops production of cholesterol, slows the synthesis of fatty acids, inhibits some enzyme systems.Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
It is determined by those components that are part of the Vitrum preparation.
The vitamin complex is prescribed in the following cases:    for the treatment and prevention of avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis    with a lack of mineral substances in the body    at high requirement of an organism in vitamins (after illnesses, at the big mental and physical activities)    with the deteriorated resistance of the organism to infections    in case of inadequate and unbalanced nutrition.Also, multivitamins are prescribed with maintenance treatment, post-operation, in some chronic diseases, after antibiotic treatment and chemotherapy.
Contraindications for the drug are as follows:    high sensitivity to the components of the agent    hypercalciuria, hypercalcemia, hypermagnesia    renal failure, manifestations of chronic glomerulonephritis, nephrolithiasis    active form of tuberculosis    sarcoidosis in history    patient intolerance to fructose    thrombophlebitis    violation of the metabolic processes of copper, iron    syndrome of glucose-galactose malabsorption    gout    thromboembolism    erythremia    thyrotoxicosis    erythrocytosis    heart failure    active peptic ulcer of the duodenum and stomach.
As a rule, side effects when taking the drug are not manifested. However, sometimes, with increased sensitivity to certain components of the remedy, allergic reactions may occur in the form of edema, itching, rash, hives, hyperthermia, anaphylactic shock.In rare cases, bronchospasm may occur. Dyspeptic disorders, diarrhea, pain in the stomach, heartburn, vomiting, constipation, belching may also occur. Increases secretion of gastric juice.In some cases, there is high excitability, dizziness, headaches, drowsiness. There may be visual impairment, excessive sweating, staining the urine in a yellowish color.With prolonged admission, hypercalciuria, hypercalcemia, arrhythmia, irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa, a decrease in glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, renal dysfunction, seborrhea, hair loss may occur. A more detailed description of possible side effects is provided by the official site of the drug. The site also informs about the frequency and likelihood of various side effects.
Instructions for Vitrum should be carefully followed when taking the drug. If the doctor prescribes vitrum vitamins, the instructions for use include taking the tablets after a meal or during a meal.This complex of vitamins and minerals is prescribed for children from 12 years of age. Vitrum vitamins adolescents and adults take one tablet a day. How to take the drug, and how long should continue treatment, the doctor will tell in detail. As a rule, the course of therapy lasts 1-2 months.Overdose
In case of an overdose, the product may show allergic rashes on the skin, nausea, abdominal pain, headaches. If an overdose occurs, it is necessary to induce vomiting, and then perform symptomatic treatment.
With the use of Vitrum and antibiotics of the tetracycline group, as well as Vitrum and antimicrobial agents - derivatives of fluoroquinolone, the absorption of the latter from the gastrointestinal tract is slowed.Under the influence of vitamin C, both the effect and side effects of antimicrobial drugs from the sulfanilamide group increase.Antacids, which contain magnesium, aluminum, calcium, colestyramine, slow down the absorption of iron.There may be hypercalcemia if simultaneous intake of diuretic drugs from the group of thiazides and the Vitrum preparation occurs.Do not take Vitrum along with other products that contain vitamins A and D to prevent overdose with vitamins.Preparations, iron, silver can worsen the absorption of vitamin E.Terms of sale
The drug in the pharmacy chain is dispensed without a prescription.Storage conditions
It is necessary to store the drug at a temperature not exceeding 30 ° C, with the original packaging to be tightly closed. The drug should be stored from children.Shelf life - 5 years.
With caution is prescribed to people who suffer from diseases of the stomach, duodenum, liver, cholelithiasis, chronic pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus, as well as people who have been diagnosed with neoplasms.Women who took more than 10 000 IU of retinol should plan the conception of a child not earlier than after half a year, since an elevated level of vitamin A can provoke fetal development defects.Do not use the product in parallel with other vitamin complexes.People suffering from thyroid gland diseases should first consult with a specialist, as there are iodine in the vitamin complex.Vitrum does not affect the ability to drive vehicles or work with precise mechanisms.
Analogues of the drug are other complexes of vitamins and minerals, in which the producer, price, composition is different. This means Complivit, Supradin, Bio-Max, Duovit, and others.Vitrum Vitamins for men can be replaced by other complexes, by consulting with a doctor who will choose the optimal vitamin complex for a man, a woman or for a child.Which is better: Centrum or Vitrum?
The drug Centrum is produced in Italy, in its composition, as in the Vitrum preparation, the same amount of vitamins and minerals. The only difference is the content of some components, so a vitamin complex should be chosen by the doctor, based on the individual characteristics of the patients body.Complivit or Vitrum - which is better?
Complivit, unlike Vitrum, does not have some vitamins and trace elements in its composition. Accordingly, in some cases, the preferred option will be precisely Vitrum because of its balanced composition.Which is better: Elevit or Vitrum?
Elevit does not contain some trace elements, which are in the composition of Vitrum. Therefore, sometimes it is advisable to take some additional funds when taking the remedy. Elevit is prescribed for women during pregnancy.Which is better: Supradin or Vitrum?
Supradin has a smaller amount of vitamins and minerals. Supradin is available in the form of dragees and soluble tablets. But you should not make a decision on replacing the vitamin complex yourself.Children
You can use multivitamins for children who are already 12 years old.In pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and lactation before taking the drug, a woman should consult a doctor without fail.
Reviews of doctors, as well as those reviews that people after the drug write on the forum, mostly positive. It is noted that multivitamins help to quickly overcome the vitamin deficiency and all the symptoms that appear in this condition. Reviews of Vitrum vitamins indicate that this complex of vitamins and minerals should be taken periodically as a preventive measure.In the reviews it is also noted that Vitrum vitamins improve the function of the gastrointestinal tract, the general appearance and condition of the skin, and contribute to an increase in working capacity. Vitamins and minerals, which are in the composition of the drug, provide an effective positive effect on the body. Multivitamins are also suitable for athletes, for people who are engaged in active physical work. Mentioned in the reviews and hygienic lipstick Vitrum, which allows you to improve the skin of the lips, protects from cracks and peeling."
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